2020 — 2023 latest news

 Deniliquin and district (southern New South Wales) Australia

        Latitude:-35.5269 S Longitude: 144.9520 E
Elevation: 93.0 m

Philip N. Maher

AOS website

Male plains-wanderer

2020 Plains-wanderer Report

2019 Plains-wanderer Report

2018 Plains-wanderer Report

2017 Plains-wanderer Report

2016 Plains-wanderer Report

2015 Plains-wanderer Report

Video by Chris Wood, Cornell University, of a pair of plains-wanderers mating. (This link does not work in Safari — or at least not in ours. Paste the URL into your browser if you have the same problem). http://vimeo.com/77521266
Ebird's link for plains-wanderer
Videos of mostly local bird species including female plains-wanderer calling (last video) http://www.youtube.com/user/AOS3141
Incidental sightings including Melbourne Royal Botanic Gardens
Inland dotterel with two chicks video https://youtu.be/I6gF0ESH-7o

2019 — 2016 Latest News
2015 — 2014 Latest News
2013 — 2007 Latest News
2006 — 2003 Latest News
June 2002 — May 2003 Latest News
2001 — 2002 Latest News
Summer 2000 Latest News
Spring 2000 Latest News


Recent sightings Deniliquin & Wanganella areas


17 April 2021: Chris, now living in Adelaide, and who was on his second visit for plains-wanderer with me, was rewarded with three male plains-wanderers (two adults and a immature — the immature is identified by its pale legs). This is the first confirmation that at least one young bird has reached near adulthood.

15 April 2021: Jack from Melbourne and I went out for the evening. We found two male plains-wanderers.

12 April 2021: Wayne and Helen from Adelaide and I went out for the day and evening. We got a female plains-wanderer in good time. Late afternoon we saw a single blue-wing parrot feeding on the roadside.

8 April 2021: David and Leslie from Woolgoolga and I ventured out for the evening. We found three male and one female plains-wanderers.

7 April 2021: Report on the 2020-2021 waterbird breeding event Wanganella wetlands

2 April 2021: A peaceful dove was a new bird for Wanganella sandhill revegetation area. Also, at least six mistletoebirds seen, and six superb parrots flew over. Striped honeyeaters are back at Wanganella sandhill and two white-fronted honeyeaters were feeding in flowering Eucalyptus leaucoxalon var. rosea.
Grey fantails turned up — these birds are autumn migrants from the hills. A boobook owl was recorded roosting in a mallee eucalypt.

20 March 2021: Vicki and Mark joined forces with Steve and Ethan for an evening excursion. They saw three male plains-wanderers and were lucky to follow that with a female plains-wanderer.

19 March 2021:
David, Elizabeth and Malcolm and I located what was, most likely, the same three male plains-wanderers that I found with Pam and Graham on the last outing.


17 March 2021: Pam and Graham, from Melbourne, and I went out in the late afternoon. We started off out at the Monimail revegetation area with at least half a dozen mistletoebirds, most of them immatures. It was great to see the pair of adult mistletoebirds feeding two juveniles not far from the nest that I had been keeping an eye on. A flock of about twenty superb parrots flew over the road. We followed them over and tracked some down, including three adult males. While over there, Pam mentioned she had never seen an owlet nightjar. I had not looked for them in this particular box clump for over twenty years and I was racking my brain to remember which tree I sometimes got them in. They are quite scarce in the district at present and I had not seen any during the day anywhere for a couple of months. I tried a few of trees. On my third attempt — bingo! An owlet-nightjar sat out in the open, allowing great views and photos. 

We made haste out to John’s house on the plains to get the bluebonnets before they turned in for the night. We had a bite to eat near the barn owl’s nest tree in John’s box clump and after dark they flew around screeching and eventually perched so Pam could get a good look.

We headed out to the plains-wanderer paddock. Success was ours. Within thirty minutes we located an adult male plains-wanderer. We searched some more hoping for a female but came up with another two adult males within 200 metres of the male we had first located. I suspect the female wasn’t far away but she remained elusive. Graham got some good photos and Pam was happy so we called it a night. Judging by the way all the adult plains-wanderers are hanging out close together, I suspect they might breed this autumn if we get the big rain that is said by some soothsayers to be coming in the next week. A good number of fat-tailed dunnarts were seen during our search for plains-wanderer, as well as the introduced house mouse which, although aren’t plaguing, are still fairly numerous.


15 March 2021: The buff-breasted sandpiper seen again at Wanganella wetlands. John came down and had a look at it.
Video of buff-breasted sandpiper.


14 March 2021: A buff-breasted sandpiper recorded at Wanganella wetlands; a first for the district. I found it early afternoon and then Robert and I relocated it later in the afternoon.


14 March 2021: A pair of white-backed swallows at the Wanganella sandhill. These are the first seen since mice disturbed them from their nests some months ago.


12 March 2021: Phil from Yarrawonga bought his girlfriend, Jasmine, an evening's plains-wandering for her birthday. Soon after dark, Phil, using his own thermal monocular, found a female plains-wanderer, the same female recorded on 10 March. Also seen were three barn owls and with help of the thermal monoculars, two stubble quails and about thirty fat-tailed dunnarts. Earlier, we had a juvenile painted honeyeater in the boree north of the Monimail and three male white-winged fairywrens sitting close together on a fence near John's front gate.

10 March 2021: Charuka, originally from Sri Lanka, and Jan, originally from southern India, and I went out for a day and evening in the Deniliquin area after three strenuous days over in the Victorian mallee. Charuka and Jan are keen bird photographers. Charuka had spent a couple of days with me in the Deniliquin area in early January.

We worked the boree country over north of Monimail in the early morning. About a hundred superb parrots were seen but most seemed to be going somewhere else and we never did track down exactly where they were feeding. Nevertheless a few good shots were had. 

A couple of wedge-tailed eagles and black kites and brown falcons sat up nicely for the guys. We had a try for painted honeyeaters and came up trumps with a male and female, both immature birds. It appears that more pairs must have nested in the area than I thought. That makes three immatures seen now in the last few weeks. We called in at the Monimail revegetation area and the guys got good photos of spiny-cheeked, singing and striped honeyeaters. The purple backed fairywrens were a bit stand offish but not so mistletoebirds and we had no less than six in one locality, most of them immatures. Plenty of bluebonnets were seen during the morning but they did their wary best to deny Charuka and Jan a decent photo. We headed home for lunch and a break, happy with our morning’s efforts. 

After lunch we ventured out to Wanganella and took in the wetlands. Nothing too exciting as it’s drying back now. We tried for a photo of the white-fronted honeyeaters at the revegetation sandhill. Three birds came in but they were uncooperative, as is often their wont. We made our way out onto the plains and finally had some half decent shots of an adult male white-winged fairywren. The guys also got photos of red kangaroos and a male emu with nine big chicks. The bluebonnets were a little more cooperative around John’s house as were a couple of barn owls sleepily looking out of their hollow. 

We had some tucker and headed out after a plains-wanderer. The first locality was a fizzer so we shifted camp to another paddock. We had almost instant success as I spotted a male with AOS’s new toy (a thermal monocular). We only drove a short distance from him when Jan spotted the female out of his side window.  Charuka had the male in early January so he was thrilled to get the female this time. Jan struck it lucky getting both in the one outing. Plenty of photos were had of fat-tailed dunnarts as well. 

5 March 2021: A single blue-winged parrot flew over the Monimail revegetation area, the first I've seen in several years here. The mistletoebirds have big young in their nest at Monimail.


27 February 2021: I had some good finds while doing my regular waterbird surveys of the environmental flows at Wanganella. The water is drying back rapidly now so there’s plenty of shallow water, making it ideal for waders. There were 300 — 400 sharp-tailed sandpipers feeding on the mudflats in company with about a hundred red-kneed dotterels. Amongst this lot were no less than three wood and two pectoral sandpipers. This may be the most wood sandpipers I have ever seen together in the district. It’s a good many years since I have seen two pectoral sandpipers together. One of the woodies was handsome with a lot of spotting on the back. There was a good deal of size difference between the two pectorals and they generally fed quite close together, so I took them to be a pair.  

At one point, the waders appeared anxious. A black falcon materialized, taking a dive and scattering them in all directions. For the next ten minutes as they performed spectacular highspeed aerobatics complete with synchronised turning. It took them quite a while before they settled down again. This is the third time in recent weeks that I’ve seen a black falcon harassing the waders. I think it may be a young bird still honing its skills. Back in the spring and early summer it was peregrine falcons that were working the swamp over, catching stilts and grey teal and maybe whiskered terns as well that were there in their hundreds. I have not seen them of late but a couple of juvenile Australian hobbies are regularly hunting over the swamp, catching dragon flies. A male immature brown goshawk was also seen yesterday hanging around the adjacent regeneration sandhill. The family of swamp harriers are still working the swamp over as are three white-bellied sea-eagles — a pair of adults and an immature bird, two or three years old. 

On 26 February two immature wedge-tailed eagles appeared to be sizing up the immature sea-eagle, flying quite close it but not quite engaging in open warfare. My past observations suggest that the sea-eagles are dominant over the wedgetails. 

Two black-shouldered kites are back at the swamp and adjacent sandhill, hunting mice of which there is an abundance; nankeen kestels are having a field day with the mice as well.  


The spotted crakes have bred fairly well in the wetlands this season. They started breeding back in October and have continued breeding as an almost full-grown juvenile was seen yesterday. Baillon’s crakes have not been seen for a month or so; they might have gone north already. The spotless crakes are probably still in the reedbeds. 

Also noticed yesterday at least one juvenile yellow thornbill at the regeneration sandhill. They turned up at the sandhill about five years ago but this is the first time they have successfully raised young to my knowledge. I think there are at least two groups of yellow thornbills at the sandhill now as I am seeing them in different localities, a few hundred metres apart. The yellow-rumped thornbills are doing quite well and there is a sizeable flock here at present. The white-fronted honeyeaters are still about with two birds feeding in flowering harlequin mistletoe a few days back. A male mistletoebird ihas been a regular visitor in the last week as more mistletoe berries ripen. The fleshy mistletoe has ripe berries now, as well as more flowers so will produce fruit for many months. The grey mistletoe has been fruiting for a while but I don’t have much of this species out there yet. It won’t be long before the wire-leafed mistletoe berries and the buloke mistletoe are ripe, so there will be a bountiful supply of mistletoe berries in a few weeks. It will be interesting to see how many mistletoebirds turn up this year. I can remember being out at the nearby Zara sandhill one Easter in the 1980s when rainfall was still a given and the whole sandhill was alive with mistletoebirds feasting on the fleshy mistletoe berries.

Some of the birds are still nesting, thanks to the good rain in January. A few days back I found a superb fairywren’s nest with young, and not far away the purple-backed fairywrens looked like they might have been feeding young as well. The white-winged fairywrens are building up in numbers with the good season and are getting closer to the sandhill. I have seen two different groups in the goosefoot bushes at either end of the sandhill of late. They have been fairly scarce around here for a number of years now. 

The rainbow bee-eaters are still moving around. A group of at least a dozen birds turned up over the wetland yesterday feasting on the masses of dragonflies that are there at present. It won’t be long before all the bee-eaters will go north, I think the adults are gone already as I’ve been seeing mainly juveniles for weeks now. They too must have bred well this year. 

Still no sign of the white-backed swallows. They disappeared a few months back when I think mice may have got into their nest holes. Mice numbers were exploding at the time. It could be some time before the mice numbers subside, depending on rainfall, so I may not see the swallows for a while yet. 

26 February 2021: A male painted snipe recorded at the Wanganella wetlands.

24 February 2021: Pippy from Cairns and I went out for the day and evening. In the early morning we tried along a lane north of town where there had been painted honeyeaters back in early January but we had no luck. At the first stop there were at least four striped honeyeaters in good voice. Plenty of bluebonnets were about, sitting up on powerlines and elsewhere and we had some nice looks. 

Moving on to the regeneration plot at Monimail, where, with much mistletoe in fruit or about to fruit, mistletoebirds were in abundance; both adults and immatures noted. I was also pleased to see that the female mistletoebird was still sitting in the nest, so all seems to be going well there. All the usual suspects were seen here: spiny-cheeked and singing honeyeaters and superb and purple-backed fairywrens. Flocks of superb parrots flew low oveheads, which delighted Pippy. 

We moved on up the road a bit to an area of black box on the TSR which had been drought stricken for years but has come back to life after the recent rains.  Plenty of yellow-rumped thornbills were feeding along with southern whiteface, chestnut-rumped thornbills , weebills and western gerygones. However, the greatest surprise was an immature male painted honeyeater!  I had pretty much given up on this bird as I thought they had all cleared out. Strangely enough there is no mistletoe at this site and the bird was feeding like a sittella, working along the branches and peering under the bark. I suspect it was looking for spiders; certainly insects of some sort. Its stout bill is well designed for catching spiders and is reminiscent of the bill of that other specialist spider catcher, the blue-faced honeyeater. I have seen them at this locality previously but not for some years, so it really was quite a surprise. It seems that at least a pair of painted honeyeaters must have raised young somewhere in the nearby boree country. We were pleased with our mornings work so we headed home for lunch and a siesta, ready for tonight


Later in the afternoon we headed back out north where our first stop was the Wanganella wetlands. It is drying back now and the birds are starting to move but we still added quite a few to the list.  The highlights were swamp harrier (adults and immature), white-bellied sea-eagle (pair), wedge-tailed eagle (several nearby), musk duck (male and two females), chestnut teal (pair) and pink-eared duck, Australasian and hoary-headed grebes and little grassbird

We headed north out onto the plains where we had a flock of about fifty white-fronted chats, the biggest flock I have seen out there for years. Plenty of Australasian pipits were about as well.  We started our spotlighting after dark and within thirty minutes had found a magnificent adult female plains-wanderer. Pippy was beside herself.  After Pippy was satisfied with her views we continued spotlighting. Many fat-tailed dunnarts were about, with at least eight seen including some obvious younger ones. 

We checked out another paddock where we had plains-wanderers in early summer and came upon an adult male plains-wanderer almost immediately. Pippy was well-satisfied now so we headed out.  A barn owl crossed our path as we were leaving the paddock.  


Kangaroos were back along the highway so it was a slow trip back to town but we were still home before midnight. 


20 February 2021: John, Trisha and I went out to see if we could find a plains-wanderer with AOS's new thermal imaging monocular. We turned up an adult female plains-wanderer after about an hour and then were able to relocate her. A little buttonquail and a couple of Australasian pipits were also found with the monocular. Being wi-fi connected, we could not only look for bright white spots through the monocular but also on the mobile phone and ipad. Having been a hot day, many of the small bushes retained their heat and were also showing white but generally not as brilliantly white as birds and mammals. We saw numerous fat-tailed dunnarts and house mice, which looked like white butterflies loping across the screen. We are hoping this gadget is a game changer in the amount of time we spend driving over John's paddocks. Four barn owls were spotted (sans the monocular) as we were leaving John's place.

20 February 2020: Stormy weather and a tiny bit of rain triggered masses of insects and in turn hundreds of tree martins between Pretty Pine and the Monimail; observed just before sunset.

13 & 14 February 2021 About fifteen cockatiels went over at the revegetation area at Wanganella, heading in a northerly direction. These are the first I have seen for some weeks. 

It was quite windy at the Monimail revegetation area and the female mistletoebird was hanging on for dear life in their nest. The nest was being rocked vigorously from side to side and I feared for the safety of the eggs. I wrote in a previous post that they had young, but I was mistaken. They were in fact putting the finishing touches on the nest rather than feeding young as I assumed. Here’s to a good outcome. The nest is in an Acacia victoriae as was the previous nest a few years back. They are great for all sorts of birds to nest in. The Acacia victoriae has clusters of dry seedpods on it as well, which possibly help to conceal the mistletoebirds’ nest and they are prickly too, so great for nesting. The nest is about two metres from the ground, which is fairly typical for this species. 

Today, I surveyed the waterbirds again at Wanganella wetlands, adjacent to the sandhill revegetation area, and scored another black falcon (or maybe the same one I saw couple of days back, which was only a few kilometres away). This one I believe was an immature bird and was testing out its skills trying unsuccessfully to catch a pied stilt. Three immature swamp harriers were also working over the swamp so it’s a dangerous place at present for young birds. 

Today I finally confirmed that the blue-billed ducks bred at Wanganella this season. A female was seen with five well-grown juveniles. This makes thirty-five species of waterbirds or wetland dependant species that have bred on the environmental flow in the Wanganella wetlands this season. I had seen the male bluebills doing courtship displays but never managed to find a nest, so it was great to confirm that at least one pair was successful.

11 & 12 February 2021 By the sound of it, at least half a dozen white-fronted honeyeaters were at the Wanganella sandhill revegetation area . This is by far the highest numbers that have been there to date. The first for the sandhill only turned up about twelve months ago. The Eremophila longifolias still have a few flowers on them, courtesy of the good rain in January, and the white-fronteds have been feeding in them. Also, the wire-leafed, fleshy and buloke mistletoes have been flowering for the last month or more; the white-fronted are particularly fond of them. The harlequin mistletoe is just starting to come out in flower now so should provide nectar for a while. The pointed mallee Eucalyptus socialis has been flowering for over a month and is nearly finished now but the congoo mallee Eucalyptus dumosa is just starting to come out so should keep the birds and insects happy for a bit longer. The revegetation area is getting enough diversity in it now that there is nearly always something in flower, which is was the goal. 

I flushed up a southern boobook today, the first for a year or so. The mice are building up in numbers so there is plenty of food about. It had roosted in a small gum only about a metre off the ground.  

A black falcon was also encountered today while I was doing a waterbird survey for the environmental flow down 8 Mile Creek, east of the sandhill. This is the first black falcon I have seen for months. Mostly I have been seeing peregrines and hobbys about the wetlands but saw neither today. I did encounter quite a few other raptors, including a swamp harrier, a pair of white-bellied sea eagle, a little eagle, two or three wedge-tailed eagles and at least ten whistling kites. I’m not sure what the black falcon had its eye on, but it certainly scattered the flock of sharp-tailed sandpipers I was watching. A single male mistletoebird was also recorded at the sandhill today .

There were quite a few birds on the move at the sandhill yesterday, which was hot and windy. First a mob of about a dozen immature rainbow bee-eaters turned up and then a short time later a mob of about a dozen superb parrots flew over, heading north towards Billabong Creek. The bee-eaters have been coming through in flocks for a few weeks now, presumably heading north for their migration. They have all been immature birds. My guess is the adults have already moved north. There was just a couple of bee-eaters out there today.

8 January 2021: I was pleased to find a pair of mistletoebirds feeding young in a nest today at the revegetation area at Monimail. There was a recently fledged juvenile there as well that had come from another nest somewhere in the area, so the mistletoebirds are doing well. This is the third time the mistletoebirds have nested here in the last ten years, the second time successfully. In one drought year they abandoned in a heatwave. 

The painted honeyeaters have not done so well this year. Two males came in over a month ago and looked like they were going to nest but I’ve checked in the last couple of days and can find no trace of either bird. Another two or more pairs turned up in the boree country north of Monimail about two weeks ago, but they also appear to have moved on. There appears to be plenty of fruit on the grey mistletoe this year so just what the problem was I cannot say. It was very late when the last two pairs came in and I would have been surprised if they had nested. They have always arrived by December in previous years when they have bred successfully. So as far as I know no painted honeyeaters have bred in the district this season. 

A juvenile western gerygone turned up at the Wanganella sandhill revegetation area in the last few days and is hanging out with yellow and yellow-rumped thornbills. This is the earliest I have ever had them turn up at the sandhill. It is usually more in the autumn and winter. The vegetation has really come on in the last twelve months, thanks to the rain. Most of the small birds have bred successfully this year as well so have got their numbers up a bit. This year will be crucial. If we get a good season their numbers will continue to climb back to something like they once were — if we go back to drought as has been the pattern for the last twenty years, then back to square one ... The gerygones breed along the Billabong Creek, which is only a few kilometres away so the juvenile has probably not come far. 

In the last few days a few black-faced cuckooshrikes have turned up at the sandhill — another bird that usually turns up in autumn. There was almost 50 mm of rain at the sandhill in January and the area is alive with insects so there is no lack of food. The weather has turned cool as well, so the birds probably think that autumn has arrived early. 

Yesterday there were about a dozen juvenile rainbow bee-eaters feasting on the many species of dragonflies that are abundant at the sandhill at present, having taken advantage of the environmental water in the adjacent wetlands. The bee-eaters were no doubt feasting up, getting ready for their migration north. I think most of the adults have already left although I did see one in the boree country yesterday.  Today all the juveniles were gone from the sandhill but there was still a few at the Monimail revegetation area, making a lot of noise and possibly also getting ready to migrate. 

There was a big group of white-winged fairywrens at Monimail today. This is the first group that has been in here for a couple of years at least. This makes three species of fairywrens that I have seen at the Monimail revegetation area lately. All three species of fairywrens have also been around the Wanganella sandhill lately as well.  The superb fairywrens have come back since the environmental flooding of the adjacent wetlands these past two summers. 

In the boree country north of Monimail yesterday, I also encountered a juvenile Horsfield’s bronze-cuckoo that was travelling with a group of white-winged fairywrens, which had obviously raised it. This is the second juvenile cuckoo I have seen raised by white-winged fairywrens this season. The cuckoos are breeding up, which is good to see as they have also become quite scarce in recent years. 

Yesterday I flushed up a brown quail in the Wanganella sandhill revegetation area. This is the second recorded on the sandhill lately. They have probably been attracted up onto the sandhill by the native millet and other native grasses that have started seeding, thanks to the good rain in January. They have been breeding around the adjacent wetlands these past two summers, courtesy of the environmental watering. This is the first time I have ever seen them up on the sandhill. 

The superb parrots have taken a beating on the Cobb Highway of late a few kilometres north of town. Mark Sanders found eight freshly killed birds in late December and someone else found a similar number killed in almost the same spot in late January. This may account for the whole flock that was feeding in this area. I saw about ten feeding on the roadside in the same area on one occasion on a rainy morning a few weeks back and was lucky to miss one bird that flew up in front of me. They cannot afford to lose numbers like this given that their numbers around here are only in the hundreds. Their confiding nature means they do not have much road sense; it renders them vulnerable when they feed on roadsides, which fortunately is not that often. 

31 January 2021: Two pairs of painted honeyeater and another single bird located in the boree country north of Monimail. I believe they have only arrived since it has rained in the last week. They were doing a lot of calling which would indicate they were interested in breeding. Four pairs recorded for the season.

27 January 2021: At least two Australian hobbys catching dragonflies over Wanganella wetlands.

26 January 2021: Six gull-billed terns feeding at the Wanganella wetlands; first sighting for this season.

23 January 2021: A chestnut-rumped thornbill; a new bird for the Wanganella sandhil.

14 January 2021: John observed an inland dotterel on a nest. This is the first breeding record for this season. So far, inland dotterels have been few and far between.

4 January 2021: At six-thirty I collected Charuka who hails from Sydney but was born in Sri Lanka.  Charuka is primarily a bird photographer and had a massive 600 mm lens. We went out for the day and evening, targeting mainly species he had not photographed before or hoped for better photographs. 

We started the morning off northeast of town with painted honeyeater. which performed admirably for us and Charuka got some great shots. The painted honeyeaters are scarce again this year and so far I have only managed to find two males. No females have been seen yet. We also scored a striped honeyeater nearby. 

A group of superb parrots was located down the road a bit in some roadside trees and Charuka got some half-decent shots of a male. He also got some great shots of a group of four recently fledged black-shouldered kites in flight and perched. We were off to a good start. 

We tried for white-winged fairywren in a patch of saltbush country and scored a full-coloured male at fairly close range. The species being quite wary is not easy to photograph well. Nearby we had a group of grey-crowned babblers that put on a show and some great shots were had. 

Next up we tried the Monimail revegetation area. The purple-backed fairywrens proved more elusive, particularly the males but I think Charuka only got decent shots of the female. An immaculate male mistletoebird was obliging and perched up and sang only a few metres from us. It looks like the mistletoebirds might nest in the revegetation area again this year. They have nested there twice before, once successfully. On the other occasion the nest was abandoned during a heatwave. The revegetation area looks great at present after 27 mm of rain a couple of days ago. 

We moved up the road a bit to some blackbox country. Our targets here were southern whiteface, chestnut-rumped thornbill and western gerygone. The southern whitefaces were photographed well within a few minutes of leaving the vehicle. We had to work a bit harder for the chestnut-rumped thornbill but eventually some half decent shots were had. The western gerygone was more obliging and it was soon photographed.

Everything was to plan as we headed home for a break.  After lunch we tried for some better shots of the superb parrots. They were roosting in the mature boree around Monimail but were not in the mood for photography and kept taking off on us, so we gave it away. Some emus were photographed on the roadside as we headed north. 

Next up we worked the swamp over at Wanganella and great shots were had of pink-eared duck and hoary-headed grebe as well as little black and little pied cormorants. I love the beautiful blue eye colour of the little black cormorant and the fine white streaks on the head when it is in breeding plumage — a wholly underrated bird.

Charuka also got good flight shots of black and whistling kites and some more distant ones of an old male swamp harrier which was almost pure white on the breast and with contrasting dark and pale grey on the back. There were a few spotted crakes about but they were not in the mood to be photographed.   

With the sun getting lower in the sky we set off for the plains-wanderer property and headed for John’s house to try for bluebonnets. They are a little less wary here than elsewhere in the district, being more used to people around the house. Charuka got some great shots of the yellow-vented bluebonnets in the late afternoon sun. 

We next tried for the owlet nightjar. Having resided here for months, he has shifted since the rain a few days ago. We headed for the plains-wanderer country with the shadows growing longer. 

We had a break at the old, abandoned homestead and were amused by the interactions between about half a dozen kestrels and a couple of Australian hobbys about to roost for the night. The hobbys put on a wonderful display of aerobatics as they outmanoeuvred the kestrels. Inadvertently, Charuka managed to flush up a barn owl as he concentrated on photographing the raptor display. 

As darkness settled, we started our search for the plains-wanderer. It was quite windy and not ideal conditions to look for them.  After an hour of searching we had turned up a pair of banded lapwing, which while not our target, was obliging. A single brown songlark was also seen but couldn’t be photographed. 

An hour and a half went by and still no plains-wanderer. I thought it time to shift to a different paddock. The next paddock was more productive with more banded lapwing and then Charuka got good shots of Horsfield’s bushlark. After about half an hour, a male plains-wanderer was finally flushed up and good photographs were had. We continued to search hoping to see the female, which was probably nearby. After another half an hour a second male plains-wanderer was located and more good photographs were had. We searched for a while longer but the female remained elusive. Our one and only fat-tailed dunnart for the night was observed. We decided to leave the female for another day and headed out but not before calling in at a redgum clump as Charuka was keen to get photos of barn owl. We had only seen a head in the nest hollow back at John’s house in the day, and the one that was inadvertently flushed but not photographed. The barn owl obliged and good shots were had. They are nesting at present with mice numbers building up. Being about 2.30 am, we headed for home.

3 January 2021: Three little bitterns calling and three Latham's snipe at the Wanganella wetlands; a second male painted honeyeater in the boree country, and two rainbow bee-eaters over the Wanganella sandhill are the better species for the day.

29 December 2020: Four male plains-wanderers located last night with Duan from Brisbane. Mark Sanderson, an ex-local now living in Brisbane, came along to lend a hand. We spotlighted a few fat-tailed dunnarts, banded lapwings, pipits and Horsfield's bushlarks. On the way out to the plains-wanderer property we got a painted honeyeater and a score or so of superb parrots.

26 December 2020: An injured Australian painted snipe at Wanganella wetlands was found at Wanganella wetlands. It probably had hit a fence that was about 200 metres away at night.

20 December 2020: A male and a female plains-wanderer recorded.

17 December 2020: Out with Bellbird Tours for the day and evening. The better sightings included two male plains-wanderers and a stubble quail, a painted honeyeater and twenty or so superb parrots. We heard little bittern calling with young (also calling), and three magpie geese with about six goslings, about a week old.

15 December 2020: Karen from Canberra and Michelle from Strathalbyn in SA ventured out with me in the late afternoon. We managed a painted, a pair of striped and five black honeyeaters, a score of superb parrots — adults and juveniles; and a group of purple-backed fairywren, At Wanganella we observed an adult and two recently fledged swamp harriers. We also saw what looked like a western brown snake out on plains, about four-foot long and aggressive. At night we had three little buttonquail, about a hundred banded lapwing, around ten fat-tailed dunnart, two Horsfield’s bushlark and three brown songlark. Almost forgot to mention: three female plains-wanderers and one male plains-wanderer.  

9 December 2020: John saw a male plains-wanderer while he was working today. We don't see many in the daytime.

9 December 2020: Monimail revegetation area
I was out at the Monimail revegetation area before sunrise to listen to the polyphonical ensemble that is the dawn chorus,. It consisted of spiny-cheeked honeyeaters with about half a dozen singing honeyeaters, interspersed with the occasional call of purple-backed fairywrens and magpies. A little later both grey and pied butcherbirds piped in. 

The superb parrots have only just arrived back out at the Monimail so I was also keen to see if they were feeding in the revegetation area.  For years they have been flying back and forth over the revegetation area as they move between the boree on the west side of the highway and the blackbox on the east side — frustratingly, only rarely stopping in the revegetation area. This morning, a couple of groups of adults and juveniles flew in and landed in native willows and Eremophila longifolia. Initially they were sunning themselves in the tops of the trees as it was a quite cool. Over the next couple of hours I watched them feeding on the green seeds of narrow-leafed hopbush, Acacia rigens, A. victoriae, and A. brachybotria, sugarwood and on the flowers of Eremophila longifolia and grey mistletoe. 

The narrow-leafed hopbush was their favourite with up eight birds feeding in one bush. All up there were about thirty to forty superb parrots feeding in the revegetation area.

The plants have seeded the best they ever have, so it is little wonder the superbs are finding them attractive. In the drought years most of the plants hardly produced any seed at all. 

The bluebonnets were also finding the green hopbush seeds attractive and at one stage a bluebonnet tried to see a superb out of a hopbush. The bluebonnets mainly fed on the seeds of old man saltbush during the drought but this year they too are favouring the green hopbush seeds. 

A couple of white-fronted honeyeaters were also back today after a long absence. Their presence is probably due to their favourite, the wire-leafed mistletoe, coming into flower. They have often turned up in the past when the wire-leafed mistletoe is flowering. Just how they know when to come is a mystery to me. 

A couple of little buttonquail were also flushed up in the native grasses, which could be a first. They appeared to be juveniles so have probably nested in the revegetation area. 

The purple-backed fairywrens have also had a good year, with a couple of lots of juveniles seen lately. There must be half a dozen groups in the revegetation area now, as well as at least one group of superb fairywrens.

7 December 2020: Another extraordinary find at the Nevinson's this morning. A regent parrot was recorded by Robert, Rhonda and James in their garden. A first for this district. The bird didn't stick around and couldn't be relocated in the afternoon.

7 December 2020: Matt and Diane, on an evening excursion, scored a painted honeyeater, a ground cuckoo-shrike, a female plains-wanderer and a male plains-wanderer, among other species.

5 December 2020: Out and Kathy and Neville from Leeton for the day and evening. During the morning we had a pair of peregrine falcon, south of town; two different groups, including juveniles, of varied sittella; an adult male hooded robin at Gulpa Island; and an adult male red-capped robin: at Gulpa Island;

In afternoon we had an adult male painted honeyeater in boree country north of town, which was the first return of the season. Eight freckled duck at Wanganella wetlands including at least one adult male in full breeding plumage, and the first record this season. On the plains-wanderer property, we had a mature owlet nightjar, and after dark, two male plains-wanderers, no chicks, in a different paddock to the males with chicks recorded on the recent plains-wanderer weekend. Also seen were five stubble quail, mostly immatures; about six fat-tailed dunnarts, six banded lapwing and two barn owls

1 December 2020: Out with Melissa and Tom from Stanthorpe in Queensland. We saw three plains-wanderers, two males and a female — all within 100 metres of each other.

30 November 2020: A female peregrine falcon has been giving the waterbirds a hard time at the Wanganella wetlands lately.

28 November 2020 Plains-wanderer Weekend. In unbelievably hot conditions, Robert and I and a group of hardy souls got two male plains-wanderers with chicks and another male. The mercury got to 44 degrees C. Species recorded.

16 November 2020: Out with Jill and Brian from Canberra. Best birds in the morning were a female painted buttonquail, about a hundred superb parrots (adults and young) and sittellas feeding two young in a nest. Better sightings in the afternoon included white-winged fairywren, Horsfield's bushlark, owlet nightjar and bluebonnet. After dark we had a female plains-wanderer, little buttonquail, barn owl and banded lapwing, among other species.

14/15 November Plains-wanderer Weekend: Best birds: male plains-wanderer with nest complete with four eggs, a second male plains-wanderer, two female plains-wanderers and little buttonquail. Species recorded

12 November 2020: Great news! A painted snipe recorded at Wanganella Wetlands.

11 November 2020: Out with Phillip from Sydney for the day and evening. Phillip recorded lots of new species for the day, not least an adult female plains-wanderer. During the day we observed a painted buttonquail, a species rarely seen here nowadays.

7 November 2020: Brolgas trumpeting on Wanganella Wetlands with chick — video.

2 November 2020: Still only one chick with brolga parents.

1 November 2020: One of the two brolga eggs in a nest on the Wanganella wetlands produced a gorgeous chick early this morning or late yesterday. Fingers crossed for the other egg.

24 October 2020: The first Plains-wanderer Weekend of the year produced, after a long search, a pair of plains-wanderers. Species recorded.

19 October 2020: More good news on the back of Robert's daytime observation two days ago. A coterie of Deniliquin birders and I went out to do some reconnaissance for the upcoming Plains-wanderer Weekend. Without a great deal of trouble we located a female plains-wanderer. Other good sightings were an inland dotterel and a little buttonquail with chicks and three ground cuckoo-shrikes.

17 October 2020: Good news! Robert, while moving sheep, saw a plains-wanderer.

13 October 2020: Sadly, I failed to replicate Saturday night's success. No plains-wanderers found.

12 October 2020 Wanganella: I spent the morning surveying the wetlands on the west side of the highway in behind the Wanganella sandhill. Some of this area is TSR and some is private land. There is more shallow water here so better for waders. There are also beds of phragmites and some cumbungi in this area and this is where the straw-necked ibis have often set up rookeries in the past. In 2010 when we had the big flood about 13,000 pairs of straw-necks nested here. However, this year I don’t believe they will nest as the water is not deep enough. They usually need at least 60 cm of water under the vegetation before they will form a rookery and the deepest water I could find in the phragmites was only about 45 cm. There is a bank and regulator downstream but it doesn’t back up enough water to get the depth required. There have been up to a 1,000 straw-necks hanging about the phragmites so they are obviously keen to breed. 

A few pairs of royal spoonbills have turned up, I think a first since the environmental flows began twelve months ago. They are looking resplendent in full breeding plumage with their full crown. They could nest in the introduced willows even though the water is not that deep underneath. They will be more secure in the willows and they nested there in 2010.  Another first today for the environmental water events was intermediate egret with a single bird recorded. This is another species that could soon be in trouble in southern Australia. There has been hardly any breeding in any of the huge rookeries that once existed on the Murray, Murrumbidgee and Lachlan Rivers in the last twenty years due to drought and lack of flooding in the river systems. Not to mention competition for irrigation water.

Black-winged stilts
were in good numbers with about three colonies totalling about 200 — 300 birds. They were being raucous and are obviously close to breeding. They went mad when a swamp harrier went over.

Red-kneed dotterel numbers are also starting to build up with about fifty seen today and they too are probably close to breeding.  Sharp-tailed sandpiper numbers are also building up with about twenty seen today (only one a week ago). Also today, I flushed up four Latham’s snipe, a species rarely seen in the district nowadays. A golden-headed cisticola nest under construction was observed in the phragmites and the reedwarblers were in full song and are probably building nests. 

Swamphens have turned up in good numbers in the last couple of weeks with close to twenty birds today. There were only a few a week ago. The cumbungi started to grow back twelve months ago and I recorded the first swamphen in the autumn. I’m guessing they are being knocked off by the swamp harriers as I’ve seen a couple of fresh kills lately. 

It looks great for Australasian bittern and I searched hard for one with no success. It also looks good for painted snipe but no luck yet. Assuming there are any left, some should turn up here this year. There have been no sightings in the district that I know of since 2012. 

11 October 2020.Wandanella waterbird surveys on the environmental flow down 8 Mile Creek.
Today I surveyed the area upstream of the highway on private property. The great news was I managed to find the brolgas' nest. I thought they were nesting there after their behaviour the previous week. Today the male flew past me low, watching my every move, I didn’t even see where he came from. Being on his own, I knew the female would be on the nest. Then the female suddenly appeared so the nest was close. Still it took quite a bit of finding, being well hidden — and the pair was cagey. I cleared out of there as quickly as I could so as not to keep the female off the nest too long.  I think they have chosen well this year. The nest is quite close to the creek in fairly deep water and the water is backed up from the highway so it should able to be kept flooded if all goes to plan. Water can be pumped out of Billabong Creek as a backup if the flow can’t be maintained down Forest Creek. Last time the brolgas nested (in 2016) they were left high and dry when the creek dropped. They have perhaps only raised young once or twice in the last forty years that I know of, so it is really crunch time for them. There are still a few pairs of brolga left in the district but none of them ever successfully raised young to my knowledge. If they weren’t so long-lived they would have gone from the district years ago. Foxes are being baited around the nest area; however, with all the help in the world, there will be obstacles in their path with swamp harriers and sea eagles about, not to mention wedgetails.

Other highlights of the morning were between two to three hundred whiskered terns that look like they are wanting to breed. They nested here in 2010 when we had a big flood and probably have had little opportunity to nest anywhere in Australia since, so they will definitely be keen to get some young away. Likewise, the hoary-headed grebes nested here in 2010. About fifty birds were present for that flooding event, so hopefully they too will breed this season. A male blue-billed duck was noted (four male blue bills have been recorded to date this season) and many pairs of pink-ears, hardhead and shoveler, all of which should breed — as long as the water levels hold up. The next few weeks will be crucial. 

A pair of shelduck was present and a little further downstream two female and one male musk duck were seen. The two females were inquisitive and came up close to me. When they realised I could possibly represent danger they suddenly turned and splashed away along the surface. 

A spotted crake was also flushed up in fairly deep water, which suggests that it too is thinking about nesting. There are goosefoot bushes about that they like to nest in. The little grassbirds were calling from the goosefoot bushes as well and chasing each other around, which indicates breeding is imminent. The first glossy ibis were seen today when a flock of twenty went over. Later, more were seen back near the highway, making about fifty for the day. A huge nest of a wedge-tailed eaglewas sighted in a giant river cooba tree along 8 Mile Creek (not in use). It was a productive morning,

10 October 2020: Sydneysiders Jayden and three of his mates and I went out at 4 pm. We called in at the two revegetation areas on the Cobb Highway but there was nothing too exciting. We did manage to catch up with one of the white-backed swallows at Wanganella sandhill. Over the road at the 8 Mile Creek, which has an environmental flow coming down at present, we scored pink-ears, hardheads and Australian shoveler, as well as plumed whistling-duck, which was new for some. Out on the plains there were quite a few emu about and the odd brown songlark. We made haste to the plains-wanderer country where I had had a male plains-wanderer recently. I wanted to listen for the calls of the female at dusk. ­­None was heard. This was not a good sign. We searched the paddock for over three hours after dark but no plains-wanderer was to be seen. We did however see a few little buttonquail and the guys got some photos. In desperation I thought we should try one more paddock that had been reliable for plains-wanderer over the years. (We checked this paddock out a month earlier with no success). When we started spotlighting, I didn’t like the look of the habitat at all and so didn’t like our chances. But we persevered. After about twenty minutes a pipit flew up, and another bird moved nearby. Eureka! A female plains-wanderer! We couldn’t believe our luck. Great photographs were captured and four happy campers and I headed for home. A few fat-tailed dunnarts were seen and plenty of banded lapwing. It had been a tough gig with about four hours committed to finding a female plains-wanderer

9 October 2020: The Wanganella revegetation area is looking fantastic after another 12 mm of rain yesterday. A sacred kingfisher was another new bird recorded there today. That's two species of kingfisher in just a few days. It llooks like the red-backed kingfisher kept going as it's not been seen again.

6 October 2020: Hoping for some useful rain over the next couple of days, I did some more planting at the revegetation area at Wanganella. Normally I wouldn’t plant this late in the year but it appears it may keep raining into summer so it’s worth taking the chance. And with the rainfall as unreliable as it is nowadays, who knows when we will get another good year.

I heard a call that sounded like a red-backed kingfisher and then spotted it perched in a dead tree not far from where I had parked the vehicle. It was calling almost continuously but not its normal loud call but a softer version of it. This is the first sighting of this species in the revegetaion plot since we started the planting almost twenty years ago. It would be great if it stayed and nested in the sand cliffs with the white-backed swallows but chances are it’s on the move. 

6 October 2020: A few superb parrots were flying about the Gulpa revegetation plot, but, to my chagrin, none landed. I walked around the plot checking whether the direct-seeded quandongs had germinated. I will need to put guards on them before they are destroyed by rabbits. There’s been good germination this year in all three revegetation areas and if it keeps raining through the summer, most should survive. There should be quandongs aplenty in years to come. It takes five years before they bear fruit so it will be a while.  When I was searching for quandong seedlings I flushed up a little buttonquail, a possible first for this area. There’s quite a bit of speargrass growing in there this year, which is a favourite of little buttonquails

There were also yellow-rumped thornbills feeding recently fledged young. At one time I wouldn’t have got too excited about seeing this species breeding, the most common of the thornbills, However, it's a rare sighting to see any species of thornbill successfully breed nowadays.

3 October 2020 Wanganella wetlands. There was a peregrine falcon hunting over the creek early this morning. They are partial to grey teal, which are abundant along the creek at present. A white-bellied sea-eagle and a pair of swamp harriers were also hunting over the swamp so there are plenty of predators around. 

The Australasian bittern couldn’t be found today, however there is quite a bit of water now so it could still be lurking there.

I saw my first rainbow bee-eaters for the season today with three flying over at Wanganella sandhill. They usually arrive back late September and have apparently been in Deniliquin for a few days. They were on the move today as Angus heard them fly over at Monimail. I always hope the bee-eaters will stop and nest at the sandhill but so far they just fly over. There was the kind of hot northerly wind today that always brings the summer migrants south at this time of year and to that end I recorded a white-winged triller at Wanganella sandhill.

1 October 2020: I walked along the 8 Mile Creek into Wanganella Station's wetlands and soon found the missing brolgas. They were being cagey so I suspect they are going to nest at this locality. I hadn't seen them in their usual haunts on the TSR for almost two weeks and was puzzled as to their whereabouts. The water is a bit deeper where they are now so the area should be a better option for nesting. About thirty whiskered terns were feeding over the wetland in the same general area. I recorded them nesting here in 2010, along with hoary-headed grebes.  A couple of musk duck were seen up in here as well, making four in total recorded in the last few days. Oddly, they've all been females.

A good variety of ducks were seen including hardhead, shoveler and pink-eared along with the common varieties. Good numbers of hardhead and shoveler were present. A pair of shelduck was seen as well. The ducks are keen to breed given that their opportunities to breed in recent decades have been few and far between. 

Back at the TSR in the deep creek lined with cumbungi, a male blue-billed duck was recorded. 

29 September 2020: Two female musk ducks were observed in the deeper creek at the Wanganella wetlands. These are the first recorded since the environmental flows started twelve months ago. Hopefully if some males turn up, we’ll see some breeding this summer. There is enough cumbungi in the creek now for them to nest. 

An Australasian bittern was seen, probably the same one I recorded a week or so ago although it was about 500 metres from where the previous one was flushed. 

A lot more ducks have turned up in the last few days. There are good numbers of hardhead out there now that will be keen to breed. More shovelers have come in as well as a single male chestnut teal and a pair of plumed whistling-duck. Lots of grey teal and Pacific black duck were about as well. 

On the revegetation sandhill, I flushed up a pair of little buttonquail which is a first since we started the project nearly twenty years ago. There’s lots of blue crowsfoot and speargrass growing on the sandhill this year and little buttonquail seem to be fond of both. 

28 September 2020 Garden birds. I had a spiny-cheeked honeyeater singing and feeding in the garden today. They have been around a bit of late but the red wattlebirds give them a hard time. No wattlebirds about much today so the spiny-cheeked had the run of the garden. I have an Eremophila longifolia in good flower at present which is popular with the spinies. The longifolias in the revegetation areas are not flowering yet due to frost and cold weather damage but mine is protected in town so is flowering early. The spiny-cheeks have the most delightful calls so it's a joy to have them in the garden.

The pair of mistletoebirds are in the garden most days feeding on the fleshy mistletoe. I am trying to get a year round supply of berries for them in the garden but not there yet. There was a lovely mistletoe around the corner on a yellow box tree (in the grounds of the high school) but some one has been going mad with a chainsaw and cut off the branch that had both box and fleshy mistletoes growing on it, taking away the food resource of mistletoebirds  and the many honeyeaters that fed on the nectar of the mistletoe flowers. What a shame ... 

I noticed today that the wire-leafed mistletoe in the garden is starting to bud up already, which seems early. The good rainfall we are getting this year seems to be bringing flowering on earlier than normal. 

Last week the pair of yellow thornbills in the garden were busy collecting insects from the foliage of various plants. Today they seemed to be on a mission and I wondered if they were going to a nest. I thought they must be nesting out of the garden but when I followed them they were only flying to the Agonis flexuosa that Trisha had planted near the back door forty plus years ago. The nest was up fairly high as is their way but not as high as most yellow thornbill nests I have seen in the bush. (The Agonis is not overly tall). Because yellow thornbill nests are generally difficult to find (being up so high) I have only ever seen a handful. They seem to be finding enough food within the garden. They are so busy collecting food for their young that they were completely oblivious to me when I was only a metre or two away. I also have a pair of crested pigeon nesting with young in the nest in a clump of fleshy mistletoe on the front nature strip.

27 September 2020: Del from near Coffs Harbour, having arrived in Deniliquin the day before, thought she'd like to see a plains-wanderer. Warned that her chances were just about nought given the last three outings failed dismally, Del wanted to give it a go. The only evidence we had that they had returned, after departing the drought-stricken district back in February, was a couple of brief calls of a female heard by Robert at dusk a couple of weeks ago. Returning to the spot at dusk where the call had been heard, Del and I listened and listened and .... Nothing. Robert was listening in another part of the paddock with the same result. After half an hour of being hammered by mossies we started to spotlight. I tried to put on a brave face for Del’s sake.

With the breaking of the drought this year there are now thousands of hectares of suitable habitat for plains-wanderers. Add to that, Robert, busy with sheep at this time of year, couldn’t help me for long. With no birds calling tonight to give some clue as to where they might be, it was a Herculean task. 

We saw a few banded lapwing including one with small young and a few pipits and brown songlark. (The banded lapwings are having a great year with many adults with nests and young seen in the last month). Then a little buttonquail made an appearance — a life bird for Del. We had a great view of it on the ground. After about an hour Del was starting to realise the enormity of the task and was saying it really was needle in haystack stuff when praise the Lord, a male plains-wanderer took off from closeby and landed about thirty metres away. Del had to ring her husband Greg (who’s not a birder) to tell him about what we had just achieved. Greg sounded impressed.

We had a bit of a look for the female, which was probably not far away but apparently we’d used up all our luck on finding the male!  We headed for home spotlighting a barn owl hunting over the plains and another in John’s clump at a nest hole. There could be a mouse plague brewing as there’s a lot of mouse activity at the Wanganella revegetation sandhill lately and the barn owls and black-shouldered kites are turning up. 

We’d already had a good deal of luck in the late afternoon when we stopped in at the Monimail revegetation area and had singing, spiny-cheeked and striped honeyeaters as well as a couple of male purple-backed fairywrens. The male wrens were in full breeding plumage and looked magnificent in the late afternoon sun. Several pairs of bluebonnets were seen here as well. The noisy miners started making alarm calls so we were looking about for a raptor and sure enough a black falcon soon appeared.
We called in briefly at the Wanganella wetlands and had a platoon of ducks: Pacific black, grey teal, Australian shoveler, hardhead and a pair of plumed whistling-duck in about fifteen minutes.  We took a quick look in at the sandhill revegetation plot and had three white-backed swallows at the nesting cliffs — a new bird for Del. I had only been seeing a pair there in recent weeks so I don’t know where the third bird came from.  

Del was a happy camper who brought me some luck. I was seriously worried about plains-wanderers not showing up. The lack of calling is puzzling as they are usually calling their heads off at this time of year. The most plausible explanation is that what birds have turned up have already finished their courting phase and have gone quiet. All will be revealed in coming weeks ...

26 September 2020 The rain gauge at the revegetation area at Gulpa measured 11 mm, which was nice. There was a severe cold snap with the rain that has made it tough for the birds over the last two days. The male rufous songlark I encountered several days ago is still present and he did a little singing when the sun made a brief appearance. This gives me hope that he might be going to settle in to breed if he can attract a mate. 

Another sighting of interest down there today was a male mistletoebird feeding on nectar from the flowers of grey mistletoe, which is in full bloom. I don’t think I have observed one feeding on nectar or if I have, it’s a long ago. A week or so ago I saw him feeding on ruby saltbush berries as mistletoe berries are currently quite scarce. He probably needed a hit of sugar with the very low temperatures and was making the best of the situation. I could hear superb parrots calling but didn’t locate them. I have only rarely had superbs feed in the Gulpa revegetation area even though they often fly over. At the moment I have a couple of yellow box in full bloom so that should entice the superbs in given their fondness for the blossoms of yellow box. 

21 September 2020: Gulpa revegetation area Cobb Highway. 
Today there was only 4.5 mm in the rain gauge at Gulpa revegetation area but add that to the 7 mm on 13 September and it contributes to things looking fresher at Gulpa.

All the grey box has fresh new growth and some of the yellow box trees are in full bloom and look fantastic. This area has been drought stricken for years so this is a welcome change. Even this year the rainfall at Gulpa is still a 100 mm behind Deniliquin and it’s about 20 km south. Historically it has received more rain than Deniliquin. 

The birdlife is gradually improving down here with each shower of rain.  Today there was a western gerygone calling in the grey box. It's many years since I have had this species in the plot although they often breed in the thick saplings down the back of the old forestry paddock that is only a couple of hundred metres away. The resident yellow-rumped thornbills and singing honeyeaters were about but today they were joined by noisy and little friarbirds and white-plumed honeyeaters. Weebills were calling today; I’ve not had them in here for quite a while. Likewise, a rufous whistler called down the back.  A male mistletoebird is still present. While most of the grey mistletoe is flowering, the big old clumps of grey mistletoe are fruiting and flowering at the same time. Most of the other mistletoe species have finished fruiting now so the berries have been in short supply here lately. About a week ago I saw the male mistletoebird chewing on the fruits of ruby saltbush which I have seen them do previously when mistletoe berries are in short supply. They usually just squeeze the juice out of the ruby saltbush berries rather than swallow the whole berry as they do with the mistletoe berries. Grey mistletoe is one of the best bird attractors as some honeyeaters love the fruit and flowers too. The superb parrots are fond of the flowers as well.

The fresh growth on the eucalypts has attracted a few striated pardalotes. They might be tempted to nest in the nest hollows I’ve put up for them this spring. A male rufous songlark was in the plot today, which is a first for the year. Strangely enough I flushed him up off the ground and he was totally silent. I guess he had only just arrived back and hadn’t settled in to breed yet. They sing all day when breeding. There are very few summer migrants in the district to date. 

20 September 2020: 20 September 2020: Environmental water has been flowing into wetlands at Wanganella for over a week now so I checked it out a bit more thoroughly. 

From up on top of the sandhill I could see that the brolgas had returned. They disappeared about three weeks ago when the water was very low and I was a bit concerned they might not come back. So, all good on the brolga front. My next surprise was a little egret on the shallow floodwater. They are a rarity around here at the best of times and particularly in the last twenty years of mostly dry years. A few pairs used to nest in the big colonies of intermediate and great egret in the river redgum forest around Mathoura in flood years but egret colonies are largely a thing of the past now. It's many years since I last saw a little egret at Wanganella. 

The next surprise was an Australasian bittern, which flushed up in shallow floodwater with scattered dead phragmites and a bit of cumbungi. I was hoping they might turn up this year but was completely floored by one turning up so soon. There were three species of frog calling and there's frog sporn in the water already, so there will certainly be masses of food around for bitterns and other waterbirds in the coming months. (The department has sound recorders out and picked up five species of frogs the night before). Australasian bitterns are a difficult bird to manage as they nest in relatively shallow floodwater and need a stable water level for at least six weeks, not easy to achieve in a creek system where the water is flowing through with not much cumbungi to hold it up. We’ll see what happens. It is much the same with the brolgas, but they need a stable level for even longer. Here’s hoping for a successful outcome, certainly we’re off to a good start. A few hundred straw-necked ibis were also hanging around the patches of dead phragmites where 13,000 pairs nested successfully in 2010. A lot of the cumbungi has died out since then (cumbungi can only survive about five years without flooding) and they don’t have the vegetation to nest on now. The water also has to get a lot higher before they will nest. They must be desperate to breed after so many drought years. 
A few nankeen night-herons are still roosting in the native willows in the revegetation area beside the wetland.  Other sightings of note were more flocks of cockatiel flying over, mostly going east today. An Australian hobby was also over the swamp hunting dragonflies, a favourite food of theirs. The pair of swamp harriers are still hanging around the cumbungi on the east side of the highway and look like they are keen to nest. The Australasian shoveler and hoary-headed grebes also look like they are keen to breed and are coming into good plumage. A couple of male shoveler seemed to be in competition for the favours of a female. About 10—15 white-necked herons were also enjoying the shallow floodwater as were about thirty black-winged stilts, both species having arrived in the last day or two. 

20 September 2020: A male white-winged triller, not quite yet in full breeding plumage, was feeding in the Wanganella sandhill revegetation area. Migrants have been scarce so far this spring. It was chased by a singing honeyeater

20 September 2020: Robert reports more cockatiels, today flying east. One group of five sounded like it had young birds in it so they have bred somewhere in the inland.

19 September 2020: Robert reports three Major Mitchell’s cockatoos around his house on the plains north of Wanganella. They often turn up at his house when the seeds of the introduced pine are ripe. He also recorded twelve budgerigars.

18 September 2020: My mate Brian Holden and I spent a long day at Zara sandhill collecting fruit off the quondong trees. Zara has the most diverse patch of native vegetation left in the district and has many quondong trees. This is a scarce species in the district despite my best efforts.

Sadly there was only a small amount of fruit on the trees this year due to the severe drought conditions prevailing early in the year when the trees were flowering. The rain in early March was probably a couple of weeks too late for the trees to set fruit. It has to be terribly dry for the quondongs to not produce fruit as they are generally a very drought tolerant tree. However, as 2017, 18 and 19 were probably the driest three years in recorded European history in Australia, it is little wonder they failed to fruit. The sandhill has suffered badly during the many droughts of recent decades and quite a few mature pines and various other species have been lost on the sandhill. The latest drought has badly affected many of the rosewood trees Alectron olifolium and although they were mostly still alive, they didn’t look well. And this is one of the hardiest trees in the inland!

Small flocks of cockatiels were flying over in the morning around Wanganella and Zara. They were nearly all heading west in contrast to a week ago when most were heading in the opposite direction. We presumed they were probably heading towards the forecast upcoming heavy rain to the west of us.

We had a couple of surprises when we were searching Zara sandhill for quondongs. An immature golden whistler was seen and an adult olive-backed oriole. Both are winter visitors to the inland and are making their way back to the mountains and foothills at this time of year. The jointed cherry trees Exocarpus aphylus were starting to fruit well and this would have provided an ideal food source for the oriole. 

Further north of Wanganella on the plains, birds were also on the move as Robert recorded a single budgerigar — a bird we seldom see in the district nowadays. 

16 September 2020: My friend Eris reported a blue-winged parrot on his property about 20 km west of Mathoura. The blue-wings should be starting to move back towards the coast now. Blue-winged parrots have become very scarce in the district in recent years. We used to see them regularly out on the plains in the autumn and spring but only have the occasional sighting now. 

15 September 2020: While working out at the revegetation area at Wanganella I heard a striated pardalote calling, which was a first for the sandhill. I’ve planted quite a few eucalypts in recent years, mainly mallees that have done really well, so no doubt this is the reason for the pardalote's visit. 

I also heard and saw a Horsfield’s bronze-cuckoo, the first at the sandhill for some years. Fairy-wrens (particularly white-winged) have been reasonably scarce around the sandhill in recent years. They’re the main host for the cuckoos’ young so there’s been no real incentive for the bronze cuckoos to visit the sandhill.  The pair of pallid cuckoos are still hanging around the nearby 8 Mile Creek. 

A spotted jezabel butterfly was observed at the sandhill today. They've been very scarce so far this season; this individual being only the second one I’ve seen. They are usually the first butterfly to hatch out in the spring, so it’s unusual there have been so few. (The severity of the recent droughts has taken its toll on just about every living creature). The two-spot line-blue butterflies are also around, feeding on pimelea daisy-bush Olearia pimeleoides.

A satin azure was also seen today; there’s  been a few around in the last week. 

Waterbirds have wasted no time in finding the environmental flow coming down Forest/ 8 Mile Creek.  A pair of black swans was on the creek today and in the last few days I have had a pair of shoveler and hardhead as well as white- necked heron. Both coot and hoary-headed grebe were present on the small amount of water that was left in the creek prior to the environmental water arriving but are starting to look much more interested in breeding now.  Two species of frogs have been calling like mad since the water started to rise: spotted marsh frog Limnodynastes tasmaniensis and Eastern sign-bearing froglet Crinia parinsignifera. The swamp harriers are still doing their mating displays.

Still no sign of the brolgas; I hope desperately that they will come back and breed. 

13 September 2020: Our first customers for the spring, Hans and Sues, were disappointed not to see a plains-wandererer.

11 September 2020: Went out again with the Deniliquin crew to look for a plains-wanderer in preparation for Hans and Sues' vist on Sunday. John assisted with the search but we had no joy.

9 September 2020: Late last year Robert and his wife Rhonda hand-raised a baby nankeen kestrel on their property north of Wanganella. Sadly, the kestrel chick had lost his parents. Kevie, as he was named, has proved his worth of late in that he is bringing in interesting specimens to their veranda. 

A couple of days ago Kevie brought in a narrow-nosed planigale and yesterday he brought ilarge-striped skink Ctenotus robustus. (Note: the earlier cited brown-blased wedgesnout skink Ctenotus allotropis was incorrec. The large-striped skink is widespread though the districtt).


(Scroll down to the end of this very long page to see a photo of a narrow-nosed planigale that Robert found under a sheet of corrugated iron in June 2014).

9 September 2020: Cockatiels have returned to the district in the last week. On the 5th and 6th, several small flocks were passing over the revegetation sites at Wanganella and Monimail. They were flying east but one contrary flock was going in the opposite direction. Robert also had been reporting flocks on the plains north of Wanganella, and my friend Eris had been reporting flocks west of Mathoura. Seemingly, they’re right through the district. 

A pair of pallid cuckoos is still present over the road from the revegetation area at Wanganella. A willy wagtail was in hot pursuit of one a few days ago which made me wonder if they might be attempting to breed in the district this season. It is a rare event for pallid cuckoo to nest around here; I’ve only ever seen a few dependent young in my lifetime. 

NSW DPIE is putting another environmental flow down the Forest Creek this season. This time they are running it right through the whole system rather than just pumping it into a section of the creek at Wanganella. This will be the first time the creek has flowed since 2016. The creek is starting to rise at Wanganella now so it will be exciting to see what turns up over the spring/summer. 

The swamp had almost dried out in the last few weeks (last environmental flow was back in the autumn) and I think the few pairs of black swans that bred might have lost their young as I've seen no sign of adults or young lately. The brolgas must have also become anxious about the swamp drying out as they took off about a week ago. Hopefully they will come back when the swamp starts to fill in the next week or two. 

There's a pair of dusky moorhen on the cumbungi-lined section of the creek that still retains some water, which is a first since they started putting environmental water into the creek twelve months ago. There was no cumbungi left in the creek prior to that flow. The reedwarblers have also returned to the creek in the last week or so, as have the fairy martins. There was a pair of shoveler on the just-rising creek yesterday; hopefully they will nest when the creek starts flooding out. 

8 September 2020: Reconnaissance to check out the plains-wanderer situation sadly turned up no plains-wanderers. We did see a handful of flightly little buttonquail.

4 September 2020: Trisha observed a lone magpie goose near the Campbell's/Moonie Swamp roads' corner in the Mayrung area.

31 August 2020: An adult square-tailed kite observed in Gulpa. This was probably a different bird than one of the pair in Deniliquin (23 km south) yesterday. Given that vast areas of mountain forests were burnt last summer, many pairs of square-tailed kites are probably looking for new homes.

30 August 2020: Tom had a pair of square-tailed kites in the Island Sanctuary; he had seen a single adult the previous Sunday, which is very early for them to return.

My mate Brian Holden and I saw two to three fuscous honeyeaters in a flowering gum in his backyard on the Finley Road in Deniliquin. While we were watching the honeyeaters, a black falcon flew over, followed a short time later by a spotted harrier.

29 August 2020: Eremophila maculata in full bloom at the Monimail revegetation plot.

22 July 2020: Robert saw a stubble quail — the first since early October last year. Portends well for the spring.

20 July 2020: Me erecting a nesting box made from a fallen black box tree and marine ply at Wanganella sandhill revegetation area. The recycled native cypress pine poles came from old cattle yards at Boorooban. Four nesting boxes up in the last couple of days, about twenty more to go.

18 July 2020: A pallid cuckoo recorded near Wanganella sandhill, first return for the winter/spring.

17 July 2020: Eris O Brien reported three ground cuckoo-shrikes at his property west of Mathoura late in the afternoon. Although never common, it is a seldom seen bird in the district nowadays. 

16 July 2020: My mate Brian Holden reports that at least one yellow-faced honeyeater has been feeding in flowering eucalypts in his neighbour’s yard for the last couple of weeks. 

Yesterday Tom Weller and Geoff Plumb reported a pair of white-winged trillers from an area of black box in the Deniliquin forest. This is a very early date for trillers to be back in the district — September being the more normal month for their arrival. It suggests that birds are very keen to breed and heralds an early spring. After the disastrous seasons of recent decades, birds will be looking to breed at their earliest opportunity.  Tom and Geoff also reported large flocks of striated pardalotes (100 or more) with at least one of the yellow-tipped race from Tasmania. It used to be the norm for enormous flocks of striated pardalotes to come out of the mountains to winter in the river redgum forests along the Murray River system but have rarely seen in the last couple of decades. The good rainfall around Deniliquin and the vast areas of mountain forests burnt last summer have probably been the catalyst for this influx. 

13 July 2020: Happy to report a pair of black swans with four cygnets recorded at the Wanganella swamp.

8 July 2020: There's been a pair of mistletoebirds in my garden for the last few days. The male's been about for a month and I'm happy to report he now has a mate. Honeyeater species visiting the garden comprise white-plumed and blue-faced and red wattlebirds. There's been a score or more of silvereyes including some from Tasmania.

2 July 2020: Robert recorded a pair of inland dotterels on his property; the first sighting since January.

2 July 2020: Several groups of superb parrots have been seen north of the town — around the Monimail revegetation plot and back around the Deniliquin rubbish tip.

1 July 2020: At least one pair of black swans has nested out at the Wanganella swamp, which received an environmental flow a few months back — this is the first nesting of swans here for many years. The pair of brolgas is still about and may nest when more water is sent down the creek in the spring.

12 June 2020: Tom Wheller had both fuscous and yellow-faced honeyeaters in the Murray Valley Regional Park in Deniliquin today. This is the first record of these species for many years and may have something to do with the bushfires wreaking havoc on the mountain forests during the summer. They used to be fairly regular winter visitors to the district in the 1980s and 90s.

10 June 2020: A pair of rufous whistler observed at the Wanganella sandhill. Robert had a Horsefield bronze-cuckoo at his place .

10 June 2020: Not having headed north in early May for our four-month stint running tours over the Top End, FNQ and the Pilbara, due to travel restrictions, my time has been put to good use working in 'my' three revegetation plots. From March to the end of May this year 181 trees had been planted in the Gulpa plot, 262 at Monimail and 1,671 at the Wanganella sandhill plots, making a total of 2,114. While I am now low on plants ready to be planted out, there's plenty to keep me occupied such as spraying weeds and pest extermination. I've been direct seeding quondong seeds (which are starting to germinate), Wilcannia lily seeds that I collected at David's at Booroorban, as well as the red-form of harlequin mistletoe and buloke and creeping mistletoes. Sometimes I stop to observe the occasional bird ...

29 May 2020: After a spell of twelve weeks, Robert and I ventured out on a plains-wanderer reconnaissance mission. Despite good rain in that period, we didn't find a plains-wanderer. Lots of fat-tailed dunnarts and banded lapwings with young but not much else.

26 May 2020: The pair of brolga was back at the Wanganella wetland today.

26 May 2020: David Nevinson had an extraordinary find this morning east of Booroorban. A male superb fruit-dove! Certainly a new species for the district —if not all of New South Wales west of the Great Dividing Range. Initially it may have been feeding on ruby saltbush berries low to the ground but flew up into a rosewood tree where it fed on the berries of a harlequin mistletoe. I wasn't expecting to see a rainforest bird when I set off for Wanganella this morning!


9 May 2020: Wanganella wetlands update. The 8 Mile Creek wetland has been topped up by the Department of Planning, Industry and Environment. It has been pumping for the last three weeks or so and the wetlands are quite full, particularly upstream of the highway. A breeding pair of Australian shelduck (today) and a single male chestnut teal (yesterday) are new species added to the wetland's 2020 species list.

8 May 2020: A new bird for Monimail revegetation site: red wattlebird. There was also a big mob, twenty to thirty birds, going east to west. I have never seen a red wattlebird north of town before. The noisy miners were chasing them — I don’t think they too had ever seen one before!

7 May 2020: After an absence of several months, a couple of pairs of white-backed swallows were back at the Wanganella sandhill. Further to that reappearance, a large eastern brown snake was observed going into a hole where the white-backed swallows have their holes.

30 April 2020: More rain has fallen over the last two days, making it one of the wettest Aprils recorded in this district.
John has had 32 mm on the plains-wanderer property, Robert's had 37 mm, and we've had 36 mm in town. The revegetation plots had good rain, evidenced by the drenching I got in a thunderstorm out at the Wanganella sandhill yesterday afternoon. Deniliquin (i.e., my yard) has received more rain to date this year than all of 2019 — 250 mm vs 235 mm.

21 April 2020: A peaceful dove recorded at the Monimail revegetation plot — a first for the Monimail plot.

20 April 2020: A barn owl recorded at the Wanganella sandhill revegetation plot — a first for the Wanganella plot.

16 April 2020: Two pairs of white-backed swallows were recorded at the Monimail revegetation area; the first for well over twelve months. Robert had forty to fifty folk-tailed swifts at his place today. It is quite late for them to still be about.

8 April 2020: The birds seemed very happy with the recent rain out at the Wanganella revegetation area. The spiny-cheeks and singing honeyeaters were in good voice and the striped honeyeaters were also calling.  The striped honeyeaters have been sporadic of late; the last one I saw was a week or so ago and was being seen off by the spiny-cheeks. 

Western gerygones were calling in the native willows, and the first grey fantail for the year was observed today. The mistletoe berries are ripening on the slender-leafed mistletoe growing on Allocasuarina luehmannii and I spread some around on other bulokes. The berries of the slender-leafed mistletoe are quite large and very sweet. The mistletoebirds are picking them off as they ripen and I found myself in competition with one proprietorial and indignant mistletoebird!  The slender-leafed mistletoe will only grow on casuarinas. There are not a lot of bulokes on the hill and they are spread around but the mistletoebirds have no trouble finding the bulokes with slender-leafed mistletoe with ripening berries.

4 April 2020: Up to two white-fronted honeyeaters sighted in the harlequin mistletoe out at the Wanganella sandhill revegetation area. At least four mistletoebirds were feeding on wire-leaf mistletoe berries. Wanganella had another 8 mm of rain last night. Robert has banded lapwingings nesting at his place, very much out of season.

3 April 2020: I popped down to the Gulpa revegetation area today to check the rain gauge and was pleasantly surprised to find that Gulpa had had more than Deniliquin. It’s been the other way around in recent years, reversing the historic trend for more rain to fall at Gulpa than at Deniliquin. Like everywhere in the Riverina, it’s been badly drought affected in recent years.  There was only 15 mm in the gauge but it is making a real difference following the 80 odd millimetres in early March. It’s been quiet down there for years but there were a few birds calling today, Grey shrike-thrush was the first bird I heard, happily singing away. Oddly enough, I couldn’t recall ever having recorded one at the plot before despite the fact there are quite a few on the Gulpa Creek only about a kilometre away. A couple of striated pardalotes were also calling, a species which hasn't been in there for a year or two. Mistletoebirds were also zipping about but have been there for a couple of months. Two common bronzewings were feeding under the wattles. Singing honeyeaters were the only other species seen but I was on site for barely three-quarters of an hour and a longer excursion would have produced more. Happily there was some life to be seen today and hopefully it will get better if it rains tonight as forecast.

3 April 2020: Further to the good rain we had in the first week of March (see 5 & 6 March), the district has had a few mils here and there. We've had another 17 mm in town, Gulpa revegetation plot had 15 mm, Wanganella sandhill another 11 mm, the Monimail revegetation plot 16 mm, and Robert's place 20 mm.

7 March 2020: Alan and Fran from New Zealand brought much needed rain a couple of days ago so we pushed back their outing until today. Sadly, the rain did not bring back the plains-wanderers.

6 March 2020: There was 86 mm of rain in the gauge at Wanganella sandhill early this morning. A couple of immature western gerygones and three rufous whistlers seen, and heaps of striped honeyeaters calling. The Monimail revegetation plot had 92 mm. Delighted to see two immature painted honeyeaters present.

6 March 2020: Added two more species to the flood event list this morning by way of one freckled duck and about eight plumed whistle-ducks.

5 March 2020: Fantastic rain has fallen in the Deniliquin district. By lunch today, I measured about 100 mm at our house in Deniliquin. Gulpa had 82 mm, Robert had 83 mm and John a little over 50 mm.

1 March 2020 Currently, I’m fashioning more nesting hollows from a black box tree that fell down in a storm. I'm using marine ply to block off the ends. The marine ply is expensive but should last a very long time. The ends are secured with Tek screws. These new hollows will be erected on trees on the sandhill at Wanganella. Some of the hollows are big enough for Major Mitchell’s cockatoo and boobook and barn owls to nest in. It will take some ingenuity and grunt to get them up. Species that have used the previously constructed nest hollows at Wanganella include owlet nightjar (a pair nested in one hollow two consecutive years but not this season — the odd one has turned up in other hollows at times; eastern rosella (a minimum of a couple of pairs have nested); Aust. wood duck (a pair nested in a hollow in 2016 when the creek last flooded). 

29 February 2020  Mid afternoon I collected my old mate Rich, who originally hails from South Africa but now lives in Canberra, and Rich's mate Chris who is from Britain but now resides in Perth. 

We started off well. I took them into a bend of the Edward River just to show them where the square-tailed kites’ nest was, thinking Rich and Chris could come back early in the morning on their own and the kites might be still hanging around the nest early morning. The lone young fledged a month ago. So, I couldn't have been more surprised to see one of the adults sitting tight on the nest! They should be getting ready to migrate north now so just what they are up to I can’t say. Perhaps this bird was just playing around but it did seem to be sitting tight. I suspect nothing will come of it. Pretty much all the birds have finished nesting now and food for this specialist nest raider must be extremely scarce. What could they now be feeding on? We are still in drought and birds of all species are few and far between. 

Next up ,we checked out one of the few rice crops in the district where I had seen Australasian bittern a month ago. Again, we were in for surprise when we managed to locate at least four Australasian bitterns and almost certainly five were sighted. How many are actually nesting in the crop I can’t say, and whether they can fledge any young before the rice is harvested is another matter. They will need a lot of luck on their side to successfully raise any young. Sadly, it’s down to luck for this endangered species. (The breeding of Australasian bitterns seems to have failed yet again at Reedbeds swamp at Mathoura due to fluctuating water levels at the crucial breeding period. Various government departments have attempted to manage this wetland for breeding waterbirds for the last forty years, yet it seems we are no closer to achieving that goal than we were forty years ago). 

But I digress ...   Our next target was painted honeyeater. I suspected they were about to nest on my last encounter with them over a month ago and I had not looked for them since. The weather had been relatively mild for the last month with only a little patchy rain. Last summer they were caught up in a heatwave which largely wrecked their nesting although a few nested a second time and had some success. It appears this season they have had success as two probable juveniles were seen today. No adults were seen so it looks as though they may have shifted out already.  This is the same with rainbow bee-eaters as juveniles were seen here but no adults. In fact, no adult bee-eaters have been seen for about a month. It’s amazing that the adults of these species can leave their young behind yet the juveniles still know where to go when it is time to migrate. 

Our next stop was in the boree country near Monimail where superb parrots were the target. We didn’t have to search long before a couple of females were located and then as the afternoon cooled down and they became more active, some lovely adult males were observed. In all, about fifteen birds were present. 

Next we called in at the Wanganella wetlands and had a brief view of a female blue-billed duck before it dived under, not to be seen again. Coots were also observed here. Both were new list species for the wetlands this season. See notes on the environmental release of water into the 8 Mile Creek system this summer.

We called into the revegetation sandhill across the road next. About three pied honeyeaters were seen briefly, proving they are still around — I had not seen them for a couple of weeks. A large flock of about twenty yellow-rumped thornbills were seen here as well, I think the largest number recorded here yet. 

We had had a brilliant afternoon but sadly it was all coming to an abrupt halt. Despite my best efforts spotlighting, the plains -wanderers refused to show themselves nor did an inland dotterel. There has been very little rain up that end of the property for several months and it was extremely dry although there was still plenty of dry cover there for them. Birds were generally scarce on the plains and it took us over two hours before we saw our first Australian pipit. Dunnarts however were plentiful and we probably finished up seeing about fifteen individuals and Rich got some nice shots. A couple of good- sized curl snakes were seen as well, which was nice as they have been scarce in recent years. It was a warm night so ideal for reptiles and there were plenty of insects and small bats around. A couple of barn owls were seen on the drive out to the highway. Kangaroos were back on the roads in big numbers so it was a slow drive back to town.  Hopefully the plains-wanderers and inland dotterels will be back with the next rain.

28 February 2020 Wanganella revegetation sandhill and wetland. 
There appears to be a big influx of spiny-cheeked honeyeaters to the sandhill in the last week. This is probably due to the ruby saltbush coming into fruit — a favourite food of the spiny-cheeks. The wetland keeps giving although there is not a lot of water left. Today there was a single red-necked stint and a single common greenshank, both of which have been here this season. There’s just a few sharp-tailed sandpipers left now. A few red- kneed dotterels were back today after disappearing for a week or two. Still a lot of white-fronted chats feeding around the drying out swamp. A single white-breasted sea-eagle was also still hanging around the swamp. 

22 February 2020 Wanganella wetland update. The water levels are getting lower in the shallow swamp but still a few birds are present. Three new species were added to the wetland list: one black swan, one wood sandpiper and one marsh sandpiper. This is the first sighting of both sandpiper species in the district for many years. There was also about forty sharp-tailed sandpipers present, which is the highest count this season. 

16 February 2020 Wanganella wetland. The highlight today was a male peregrine falcon hunting around the swamp. It had starlings going in all directions but I didn’t see it catch anything. Grey teal is the favourite food of the peregrine — an old name for the species in this district is ‘duck hawk’. There are still a couple of hundred grey teal on the swamp as well as some pink- ears, shoveler and black duck. A very dark-coloured swamp harrier was also hunting at the same time. I have not seen this particular harrier here this season. The peregrine is also the first I have seen in the district for many months. They mainly stick to the river in this area. 
Cockatiels are on the move. Every time I have been out here lately there has been small flocks of about fifteen to twenty going over. A few days ago they seemed to be heading north-east; today south-east. 

15 February 2020 Wanganella sandhill and wetland. Brown quail are enjoying the flooding of the wetland with at least two different birds heard calling today in dense vegetation in the drying out swamp. I was surprised to find a couple of red-capped robins and an immature western gerygone feeding out in a clump of introduced willows out in the wetland. There is clearly more food out there for them at present than there is in all the native plants I have growing on the sandhill, which is rather galling.  Hopefully they will come over to the sandhill when the wetland dries out — and we get some decent rain on the sandhill. 

The waterbirds are starting to disperse as the wetland dries out. Highlights today included: about fifteen glossy ibis, four royal spoonbill, thirty hoary-headed grebe, twenty-seven sharp-tailed sandpiper, fifteen red-kneed dotterel, seven black-fronted dotterel and one Latham’s snipe. Mistletoebirds must be moving about at present I've had one at the sandhill on the last two visits. The grey mistletoe has a few ripe berries (I only have a couple of mature clumps of this species); the other species won’t have berries for a month or two yet. 

12 February 2020 Wanganella sandhill revegetation area. My mate Tom Wheller and I spent a couple of hours walking around the sandhill this morning. I was pleasantly surprised to find there had been 15 mm of rain here in the last couple of days, making a total of 36 mm so far this year (37 mm this time last year).  There are still about thirty pied honeyeaters present but they take off soon after sunrise and fly off somewhere else to feed. This has been their pattern in previous years here and also at the Monimail revegetation area after the emubush finish flowering. What they are feeding on I have no idea;  there is little flowering at present apart from a few mallees  and some mistletoes on the sandhill. Like in previous years they will probably hang around until there is good rain inland. A couple of female-plumaged rufous whistler have also turned up since the rain, the first I have seen here for a year or two. 

12 February 2020 Wanganella Wetlands. Water levels are slowly dropping and waterbird numbers are starting to decline.
Highlights today were Latham’s snipe, one bird flushed, the first record here this season; white-bellied sea-eagle, one adult oberved; red-necked avocet, eight birds still present; Australasian shoveler, about ten birds still present; hoary-headed grebe, about fifteen birds still present; sharp-tailed sandpiper, twenty-seven birds still present; red-kneed dotterel, numbers down, only about twenty seen today. 

10 February 2020 Tom Wheller reported a dozen white-throated needletails over his house this afternoon during some thunderstorm activity. I raced outside and saw at least one go over my house. The species is quite rare in the district nowadays. Previously, it was regularly seen around the river or over the river redgum forest south of town during the summer months. 

8 February 2020 Eris O Brien reported a pair of mallee ringnecks near Womboota west of Mathoura. I have never heard of any in that vicinity but I don't know the area well. It may be drought related as it's very severe around Moulamein/Balranald where the species was once moderately common. 

8 February 2020 A pallid cuckoo was seen near the Monimail; this is quite early for them to be on the move.  Robert reported one from his property north of Wanganella the previous day, possibly even the same bird.

8 February 2020 Wanganella Wetland bird species update (see link below for more species seen this season on the wetland).
Highlights included an immature white-bellied sea-eagle (immature) circling over shallow floodwater, stirring up the birds. This was a different bird from the pair I have been seeing here on and off for the last couple months. 
Collared sparrowhawk: male tried unsuccessfully to catch a white-fronted chat within fifty metres of me.
Goshawk/sparrowhawk: another bird seen poorly at nearby sandhill; unsure as to which species it was. 
Australian spotted crake: one bird seen under a clump of drying out goosefoot bushes, the first record here this season. 
Red necked avocet: eight birds still present. 
Sharp -tailed sandpiper: at least thirty birds present this morning; the most recorded here this season. 
Red-kneed dotterel: over a hundred birds present; the highest number recorded here this season. 
White-faced heron: at least twenty birds present. 
White-necked heron: at least ten birds present. 
Hoary headed grebe: at least fifteen present, all in full breeding plumage. 
Glossy ibis : around six birds still present. 
White-fronted chat: well over a hundred birds present; biggest flock seen for many years. 

8 February 2020 The 8 Mile Creek/Wanganella wetland flooding report

Jan 2020 Wanganella sandhill revegetation progress report

5 February 2020 . Some of the more notable species at Wanganella wetland today included:
Swamp harrier: one hunting over the swamp, a rare bird in the district now.
Collared sparrowhawk: a male hunting out in the swamp, no doubt after some of the hundreds of white-fronted chats hanging around the swamp. 
Black-shouldered kite: one immature bird hovering around the drying-out wetland; the first seen in the district for some months. 
Pink-eared duck: Well over a hundred on the swamp, most seen in district for some years.
Australasian shoveler: At least twenty birds seen, another rare bird in the district nowadays. 
Red-kneed dotterel: Around eight birds present.
Sharp-tailed sandpiper: About twenty birds feeding with dotterels. 
Red-necked avocet: Eight birds still present. 
Rainbow bee-eater: Ten or so mainly immature birds feeding around the swamp and sandhill.
White-fronted chat: A couple of hundred birds present, the most seen in district for some years. 
Orange chat: Pair at least with white-fronted chats. 
Little grassbird: One calling, first record here this year, since the wetland flooded. 
Golden-headed cisticola: Calling in phragmites.
Common myna : Two flew over the sandhill heading east, the first record here. The species continues to spread in the district. 

2 February 2020 Wanganella sandhill revegetation area and wetland
Mistletoebird: One female seen at the sandhill, drawn in by the ripe berries on the grey mistletoe, the first mistletoebird for about twelve months.
Pied honeyeater: One adult male seen. 
Yellow thornbill: At least two seen .
Yellow-rumped thornbill: A group of about ten seen.
Rainbow bee-eater: Two at least, feeding on sandhill, the first I have ever seen feeding here. Another two feeding in the wetland behind the sandhill.
White-backed swallow: One at least, feeding over the wetland in company with tree martins and welcome swallows, the first I have seen here for over a month.
Orange chat: Two uncoloured birds in company with a big mob of white-fronted chats, feeding around the edge of the drying out wetland. 
Red-necked avocet: Eight birds feeding in the wetland, the first seen in the district for some years. 
Red-kneed dotterel: About thirty feeding in drying out wetland (there was about seventy a few weeks back).
Whiskered tern: About six or so feeding over wetland.

29 January 2020 Wanganella sandhill revegetation area and wetland
A few golden-headed cisticolas were observed in the phragmites in the swamp. They are the first out here for some years and scarce in district at present. A black falcon hunting over the swamp caused a few hundred tree martins and welcome swallows to fly up in a great cloud.  A few immature bee-eaters were feeding out in the swamp. Five sharp-tailed sandpipers and about twenty red-kneed dotterels were also feeding out in swamp. A flock of about twenty cockatiels flew over the sandhill heading south. One pied honeyeater was seen this morning. A white-fronted honeyeater, the first sighting I can confirm on the sandhill, was recorded.

29 January 2020 Monimail revegetation area
A mistletoebird observed building a nest about one metre off the ground in a small eucalypt .

26 January 2020 Wanganella sandhill revegetation area
I was surprised to see about twenty of so Pacific swifts feeding over the sandhill and adjacent wetland this morning. It was calm and clear with no sign of the storm activity which is often associated with this species' movements. They were feeding quite low down which afforded some great views. At times there were large numbers of welcome swallows and a few tree martins feeding with them. They hung around for at least an hour. 

I was also checking on the wetland behind the sandhill that has been receiving a flow of environmental water this season. Due to some management issues the waterbirds were a bit disappointing but a small flock of rainbow bee-eaters flew over. They came from the west and appeared to be travelling. They have only recently fledged young and some movement often occurs at this time of year. I am keen for them to nest on the sandhill and have been doing lots to try an encourage them but to no avail. They often call in to have a look but so far none have responded to my efforts to get them to stay.  My friend Ken Hooper this year came up with a novel idea of trying to stop foxes digging the young out of the nests. He sprinkled pepper all around the nest holes which seemed to keep them away as no young were lost. Last year he lost all his nesting bee-eaters to foxes (about eight nests). This year he only had about four nests but Ken believes they all fledged young.

But I digress … While I was walking around the wetland I was surprised to see at least seven wedge-tailed eagles overhead. They were up high and soon out of sight. There is often a pair or so around the wetland stirring up the ibis but I have never seen this number previously. No idea where they were going or what they were up to. 

One white-bellied sea-eagle was also hanging around the wetland. A pair has been present here ever since it was first flooded over a month ago. Possibly they have come down from the Murrumbidgee River which has, or at least used to have, quite a population of sea-eagles. 

In the revegetation area the striped honeyeaters have come back, having been absent since the early spring. A pair had been hanging around the sandhill for a couple of years but they still haven’t bred here. The vegetation has to be quite mature before they will breed as they eat a lot of insects and like feeding in mistletoe which will only grow on fairly mature trees. Maybe next year ...

The grey shrike-thrush has also returned to the sandhill. It has been wintering here the last couple of years. I was a bit surprised to see it so early. 

An immature red-capped robin has returned lately and yesterday I saw one feeding right out in the wetland well away from any dry land which was a first. I guess they, like everything else, are desperate due to the ongoing drought so are feeding in areas they wouldn’t normally inhabit.

There are a few pairs of zebra finch about the sandhill at present which is generally a rare bird in the district nowadays. I think they are feeding around the edge of the wetland where there is some seeding native grasses. 

A brown quail called from around the edge of the swamp. They are quite a scarce bird in the district at present.

22 January 2020 Painted honeyeaters -— survey and comments
Boree country on TSR north of Pretty Pine
Painted honeyeaters
were very late returning to the TSR boree country this season although one bird did turn up in November but only stayed for a week or so before disappearing. The birds now in this area turned up in early January. The reason for this was probably the cool weather we had in spring and early summer delaying the ripening of the grey mistletoe, their main food source in this area. The country is in drought, so no doubt that is having some influence on their movements as well. 

Some other painted honeyeaters turned up a little earlier, in early Decemberr, ENE of town. These birds are inhabiting roadside remnant boree. Three pairs were located this morning, that is, one pair together and two single males, assuming each of the single males had females on nests nearby, They were behaving as if they were on their territories. 

The number on the TSR north of Pretty Pine is down by more than half from when I surveyed them in the summer of 2017/2018. I couldn't find any in many of the localities l had painted honeyeaters in that season. This is understandable as it was a much better season - we have had two years of severe drought since then. On the plus side, I found two males on territories in early January 2020 at a locality east of Monimail where I didn’t find them in 2017/2018. 

To sum up this season to date:   
Two pairs ENE of town in roadside remnant boree.
Two pairs E of Monimail in roadside remnant and paddock boree.
Three pairs N of Pretty Pine in boree country on the TSR. 

Seven pairs in total, no doubt there are other pairs around that I have not yet located. It will be a battle for them to raise any young with drought, high winds and heat waves to contend with in coming weeks.

Other species of note seen today include:
Superb parrot: Small flocks scattered around through the boree country from the Monimail revegetation area to the north. Appears to be no big flocks around this season and not many juveniles have been seen so far. Perhaps not many young were raised this season, it being a tough year. They didn’t hang around the river long after the young fledged. 

Cockatiel: Localised small flocks in the boree country north of Monimail; not sure what they are feeding on, the ground is still quite bare. 

White-winged triller: A few pairs still scattered through the boree country. No breeding occurred in the district this year that I am aware of even though they have been present throughout the district in reasonable numbers since spring. 

White-browed woodswallow: A few pairs scattered through the boree country.  Only a few pairs that nested along the river in town and in Gulpa forest south of town this season.

Crimson chat: A pair seen in boree country in company with white-browed woodswallows. A few remain in the district; the inland is still in severe drought so they have few options for leaving. 

Pied honeyeater: Big flocks of twenty to thirty birds at the revegetation areas at Monimail and Wanganella. Still a few flowers on the emubush and the fleshy and wire-leafed mistletoes are in flower so they have a food source. Some also appear to be flying off in the early morning to feed elsewhere. They have few options for leaving the district until it rains in the inland. This season's influx is the biggest I have seen in my lifetime. Even though they have been present since the spring they never demonstrated any inclination to breed. They have never bred in the district and perhaps never will. They must require very special conditions for breeding. 


20 January 2020: The plains-wanderer property has had about 20 mm of rain this month.

16 January 2020 Bush stone-curlews
I called in to the greybox woodland on the TSR near Moama and was delighted to see the pair of bush stone-curlews has returned. I had been unable to find them over the past six months so it seems they have other roosts around the area. I also recently heard of another pair nesting along the Edward River downstream from Deniliquin. The area has been fox baited three times. My informant didn’t know the ultimate outcome. The eggs disappeared but the chicks weren’t seen. We can only hope they made it through. 

12 January 2020 Still with Brendan from NYC for the morning. Fiona had had a rough night due to a leaking air mattress, amongst other things, so had opted for a little more sleep. 

Our first stop was the river bend where the square-tailed kites have been nesting. I was half expecting that the juvenile kite would have left the nest as it was getting close to fledging on my visit a week ago. Sure enough, it was out of the nest but was only about fifty metres from it. The pair of adults were roosting another fifty metres on from the juvenile. We watched the adults fly around a bit, checking on junior. Eventually junior flew back and landed on the nest, not quite ready to leave home. This is the first time in three years that we can be certain that the kites have successfully raised a chick. It has been hard going for them with ongoing drought reducing the number of breeding birds. They are specialist nest raiders so need a lot of breeding birds around to have a successful nesting. 

We searched the river redgums and added buff-rumped, striated and yellow thornbills to the list and eventually brown treecreeper. It took a surprisingly long time to find this normally common species. We made a quick visit to the town lagoon where we added little grassbird plus lots of long-billed corellas and a single little corella. Our next destination was southeast of town. Here we searched one of the few rice crops in the district. A pair of brolgas had been seen here recently but I was keener to search for Australian bittern, a bird that is now a rarity in the district. Good Lord! We spotted one! This was my first sighting in the district this season. We never did see the brolga but seeing the bittern more than compensated for that. A golden-headed cisticola was also seen here, another species that is now scarce in the district. As we continued along the road, a bird flew across which I thought may have been a cuckoo and after it landed some distance away we got the scope on it. It was indeed a Horsfield’s bronze-cuckoo. Further on we checked out an area of blackbox woodland. It was hard going but we managed to add red-capped robin, Jacky winter and western gerygone to the list. On the way back to town, in some yellow box country, we had up to thirty superb parrots which all took off as did lots of other birds, when a collared sparrowhawk flew over carrying a kill.  Another lane on our way back in produced a hundred or so plumed whistle duck. Yet another lane produced a pair of striped honeyeaters and in another clump of Eremophila, more pied honeyeaters ... 

Brendan and I had a successful time together particularly given that the district is still in severe drought and it was mid summer and well past prime breeding time. Luck of the Irish I guess.


11 January 2020 I took out Brendan and Fiona, a young couple from New York City, for the evening. Both are into Irish music. Brendan plays the Irish pipes while Fiona sings and plays fiddle and various other instruments. How could I not like them?

The weather was relatively cool as a cold front had come through the previous day. The downside was it was fairly windy which made the birds harder to see. 

We started off in the boree country north of Deniliquin. In some roadside boree we had our first looks at about six superb parrots that were not cooperative and largely escaped before we had a decent view. A bit further along where the boree was a bit more extensive, we pulled up to try for painted honeyeater and were not disappointed. A lovely male came in and posed for us and another male called from the adjoining paddock. The painted honeyeaters were very late coming in this year, I think due to the spring and early summer being so cool. This meant the grey mistletoe berries were late ripening. They have arrived back here in the last couple of weeks and are only starting to nest now. Last year when they nested, they were caught in a heat wave and most of the nests failed. Some nested again and subsequently a few young were raised. Let’s see how they fare this year. A small flock of superb parrots were seen here and better views were had. Just a single male was present. Great views were also had of a well-coloured male mistletoebird. Also, along the road we saw a group of grey-crowned babblers.

We called in at the Monimail revegetation area. Pied honeyeaters were flying around in small flocks of up to ten or so birds. More have come in here again lately since the wire-leaved and fleshy mistletoes have started to flower. There’s still flowers on the Eremophila longifolia. The usual spiny-cheeked and singing honeyeaters were seen as well as bluebonnets. A single immature male superb parrot was feeding on the green seed pods of Acacia victoriae. The superb parrots regularly fly over the revegetation area but rarely land to feed, much to my chagrin. Purple-backed fairywrens were heard here but refused to be seen. A pair of banded lapwing with a single immature was seen here as well, probably the pair that nested in an adjoining paddock this season. 

We called into the Wanganella sandhill revegetation area and more flocks of pied honeyeaters were seen here as well as a female black honeyeater and a couple of crimson chats including an adult male. 

We again had the trifecta of black, pied and painted honeyeaters in the one day, the second time in a week. We looked for white-backed swallow around the nesting cliffs but none were seen today. We called in briefly over the road at 8 Mile Creek which has received some environmental water this season. A few waterbirds were added to the list here as well as a tiger snake swimming across the creek. Black-tailed nativehens were also seen here which pleased Brendan greatly. 

Our next stop was out on the plains-wanderer property. The clump of river redgums behind John’s house produced the regular owlet nightjar — a scarce bird in the district at present. It was roosting in the tree above one of John’s sheepdogs. While we were waiting for darkness to fall a southern boobook flew in and landed and was seen silhouetted in the late evening light. 

It was crunch time so we headed up to spotlight for the elusive plains-wanderer. It was still windy too and there was a full moon which is not ideal for spotlighting. 

Many eastern grey and red kangaroos were observed while we were driving over to the plains-wanderer paddock, delighting the New Yorkers.  We started spotlighting in earnest for plains-wanderer and after about thirty minutes I was starting to think it might be a long night as on my previous excursion we had found a female in about fifteen minutes. I had Brendan and Fiona watching the side lights and suddenly Brendan spotted something which turned out to be a beautiful female plains-wanderer. Hallelujah! We did a little more spotlighting in the paddock and added brown songlark to the list. 

We tried the next paddock for inland dotterel and found a single adult almost immediately. On the drive back to the highway a large male red kangaroo flushed up a Horsfield’s bushlark from the roadside which we managed to get in the spotlight.  Brendan and Fiona had had a long day, having driven over from the mallee and were getting sleepy so we called it a night and headed for home. 



7 January 2020 Again out with Richard: for the morning. We had a pair of square-tailed kites with an almost fledged juvenile in the nest, black wallaby, pied and black honeyeaters, southern boobook, red-kneed dotterel, Baillon’s, spotted and spotless crakes with the spotless heard only,  an adult male Australian little bittern (heard only), black falcon, two half-grown red-bellied black snakes.

6 January 2020 I spent the late afternoon and evening with Richard from New Zealand. The better birds we saw included striped, painted, black and pied honeyeaters, rufous songlark and white-browed and masked woodswallows. Two recently fledged rainbow bee-eaters and one adult rainbow bee-eater were observed. (These are the first fledged juveniles observed this season). We also got white-bellied sea- eagle, and a cattle egret (near Wanganella in full breeding plumage).

On the plains we had white-winged fairywren, banded lapwing, an adult female plains-wanderer in a very short time, an adult and an immature inland dotterel, fat-tailed dunnart and a curl snake.  On our way home, a tawny frogmouth. 



Sunset, Hay Plain, 8 January 2016, Philip Maher







Superb parrot, December 2015, P Maher
Orange chat, photo P Maher, December 2015



Mistletoebird, December, 2015, P Maher
White-winged fairywren, photo Philip Maher, December 2015


Male plains-wanderer with one of his five chicks, 27 November 2015, P Maher

red-capped robin